Hammer | Classification & Types, Applications, Construction

By | January 9, 2019

What is a Hammer?

A hammer is a tool which has a weighted head fixed on a long handle. It is used to deliver an impact on a small area of an object.

A hammer head is generally made up of a heat-treated steel (for surface hardness). Handle of a hammer is generally made from wood.

Claw hammer

Applications of hammer

  • To shape a metal (or any other material)
  • To drive a nail into wood (or any other material)
  • To crush a rock (or any other material)
  • They can also be used for any kind of breaking, shaping and driving application

Classification of hammers

Hammers can broadly be classified on two types on the basis of source of power used to operate.

  1. Hand-powered hammers

  2. Mechanically-powered hammers

Types of hand powered hammers

  • Welder’s chipping hammer
  • Upholstery hammer
  • Tinner’s hammer
  • Stonemason’s hammer
  • Splitting maul
  • Soft-faced hammer
  • Blacksmith or farrier hammer
  • Sledge hammer
  • Rounding hammer
  • Rock climbing hammer
  • Railway track keying hammer
  • Mallets
  • Lump hammer, or club hammer
  • Lathe hammer
  • Knife-edged hammer
  • Joiner’s hammer, or Warrington hammer
  • Geologist’s hammer or rock pick
  • Gavel
  • Engineer’s hammer
  • Drilling hammer
  • Dead blow hammer
  • Cross-peen hammer
  • Cow hammer
  • Carpenter’s hammer
  • Brass hammer
  • Boiler scaling hammer
  • Ball-peen hammer or mechanic’s hammer

Types of Mechanically-powered hammers

Mechanically-powered hammer

  • Trip hammer
  • Steam hammer
  • Jackhammer
  • High Frequency Impact Treatment hammer
  • Hammer drill

Other tools which are used with hammer

  • Wood splitting wedge
  • Wood splitting maul
  • Punch
  • Star drill
  • Pipe drift
  • Chisel
  • Anvil

Also read:

What are different types of milling operations?

Classification of machine tools

Applications of material removal process in manufacturing

What are advantages of cast iron?

What are different types of manufacturing processes?

What are the advantages of casting process?

Image source:

Featured: By Evan-Amos – Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=11293857

Mechanical hammer:┬áBy SriMesh – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4966141

References:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hammer

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