For example: mass, volume, temperature, pressure etc.
Thermodynamic properties can be divided into two groups
- Extensive properties
- Intensive properties
Now let us understand each types of property in detail.
Extensive thermodynamic property
Extensive properties are those properties which depend on the extent of the system. That means extensive properties are directly related (directly proportional) to the mass.
Examples of extensive properties: volume, internal energy, mass, enthalpy, entropy etc.
Intensive thermodynamic properties
Intensive properties are those properties of the system which do not depend on the extent of the system. That means intensive properties are not related to the mass.
Examples of intensive properties: temperature, pressure, density etc.
Note: Specific values (per unit mass) of the extensive properties are intensive properties. For example, specific internal energy, specific entropy etc.
Featured image source: By I, Luc Viatour, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=160805