Pressure | Types | Classification of Measurement Devices

By | December 27, 2018

Definition of pressure

Pressure is defined as normal force exerted by a fluid on per unit area.

Counterpart of pressure in solids is normal stress.

SI unit of pressure is pascal (Pa).

1 Pa = 1 N/m2

Where:

N is newton

m is meter

Pressure diagram

Units of pressure

  1. Pa
  2. Bar
  3. At
  4. Atm
  5. Torr
  6. Psi

Types of pressures

There are three main types of pressures

  1. Absolute pressure

  2. Gauge pressure

  3. Vacuum pressure

Absolute pressure is measured against absolute vacuum.

Gauge pressure is measured against atmospheric pressure.

Vacuum pressure is the negative value of gauge pressure i.e. when actual pressure is below atmospheric pressure.

Relations between above mentioned three types of pressures are given below.

Pgauge = Pabs – Patm

Pvac = Patm – Pabs

Classification of pressure measurement devices

Pressure measurement devices can be broadly divided into following two types.

  1. Mechanical devices
  2. Electromechanical devices

Mechanical devices can further be divided into following two types.

  1. Static pressure measurement devices
  2. Dynamic pressure measurement devices

Also read:

What is a fluid?

What is a thermodynamic system?

Types of pumps

Featured image attributions: By Rtafa ppp, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7306860

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