Solar Power | Definition, Advantages, Limitations, Applications

By | October 9, 2018

What is solar power?

Before understanding it, let us first understand the meaning of solar energy.

Solar energy is radiant light and heat which we obtain from the Sun. Solar energy is indirectly responsible for all the other forms of renewable energies like wind or water energy.

Now we can move onto our main topic i.e. solar power.

Solar power is the conversion of solar energy into the electricity. This electricity can further be used for any purpose.

How solar energy converted into solar power?

The solar energy can be converted into power mainly by two ways.

  1. With the help of photovoltaic
  2. With the help of concentrated solar power

Now let us discuss each method of solar energy conversion into power, one by one.


A photovoltaic or solar cell is used to convert solar energy directly into electrical energy. A photovoltaic cell uses photovoltaic effect to convert solar energy into electricity.

Maybe you have seen solar power panels many times in your life. These panels consist of many photovoltaic cells, which convert solar energy into electricity.

Generally, the power generated by solar power panel in day time is stored in a battery and used in night.

Concentrated solar power

In this method solar concentrated solar energy is used to heat water. When the water gets heated sufficiently, its heat energy is used in a conventional power plant to generate electricity.

Solar energy can be concentrated by many means (to heat water), some of them are.

  • Parabolic trough
  • Compact linear Fresnel reflector
  • Stirling dish
  • Solar power tower
Parabolic trough solar thermal electric power plant

Parabolic trough solar thermal electric power plant


Stirling dish

Stirling dish

Solar power tower

Solar power tower

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Applications of solar power

It has several applications (or uses), some of them are.

  • Lighting home
  • Charging batteries
  • Solar powered calculators
  • Solar cars
  • Air conditioning etc.

Advantages of solar power

It has several advantages, some of them are.

  • It is environment friendly
  • It is renewable energy source
  • Reduces electricity bills
  • Low maintenance cost
  • No noise generation
  • Easy installation
  • Can be used in remote locations
  • Long lasting
  • Can help in achieving energy independence to the country

Disadvantages of solar power

It has some disadvantages (or limitations), they are.

  • Initial cost is high
  • Dependent on weather
  • Its storage is Expensive
  • Space requirement is more
  • Efficiency of energy conversion is low
  • Geographical dependence

Image source:

Parabolic trough: Attribution: By No machine-readable author provided. Kjkolb assumed (based on copyright claims). – No machine-readable source provided. Own work assumed (based on copyright claims)., CC BY 2.5,

Stirling dish: Attribution: By Björn Appel – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,

Solar power tower: Attribution: By afloresm – SOLUCAR PS10 (2), CC BY 2.0,

2 thoughts on “Solar Power | Definition, Advantages, Limitations, Applications

  1. Sungold Solar

    Hey dear, Thanks for your great article. I think the benefits of solar panels is that solar energy is a truly renewable energy source. It can be harnessed in all areas of the world and is available every day. We cannot run out of solar energy, unlike some of the other sources of energy. Solar energy will be accessible as long as we have the sun, therefore sunlight will be available to us for at least 5 billion years when according to scientists the sun is going to die.


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